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shia mutta

The slightest doubt would be sufficient to cause him to repeat the same act. But asking is not a condition of the contract. In a situation where a contract is concluded, but before the beginning of the time period the man decides not to go through with the marriage but to ‘give back’ to the woman the contracted time, she is entitled to one-half the dower. Ibn Abbas and other party amongst the Sahaba narrated traditions that Mut’ah is halaal, and Ibn Hanbal also said that it was practicable [52]. Al Kafi Pp It is reprehensible for a man to conclude a marriage of mut’a with a fornicatress, by reason of the Qur’anic verse:.

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I do… for now. UK Muslims revive temporary marriages

It is recommended that a Muslim man conclude a temporary marriage only with mhtta chaste Muslim woman. If a man should contract a temporary marriage with a fornicatress, it is his duty to command her not to perform adultery. As narrated by ‘Ali bin Abu Talib: The woman may ask for the whole amount of the dower at the beginning of the marriage.

Shias allege Umar’s prohibiting nikah mut’ah mitta an incident of challenge to Mohammad. In this case, the man may not take back any of the dower under any circumstances; unless for some reason the contract should have been invalid from the beginning see below. According to the second opinion, intercourse is permitted.

In order to gain knowledge of the property, it is sufficient for the woman to see it, but it is not necessary that it actually be weighed, measured, or shka the case may require. It is not permissible to engage in temporary marriage with an unbeliever or an enemy of the Household of the Prophet Ahlul Bayt, i. Whia studies in Middle Eastern history. Nikah Mut’ah in our eyes is false, whilst Imam Malik deemed it permissible, as proof he says it was halaal and permissible, it was removed and was not abrogated [49] [50].


The contract must mention a dower of known property, whether in cash or kind, whose amount is safe from increase or decrease.

I do for now. UK Muslims revive temporary marriages – BBC News

But misyar is still frowned upon in Sunni Islam and never recommended. Retrieved 21 July According to Twelver Shia jurisprudence, preconditions for mutah are: The reason she forfeits part or all of it is that first, the contract of mut’a by definition mutfa an exchange, such that the woman is in the position of a ‘rented’ object, Second, numerous hadith have been recorded concerning this particular point.

His words must demonstrate that he is satisfied with the declaration. In addition, a contract follows the intentions of those who conclude it, Thus, if the time period is not mentioned, the marriage cannot be transformed into a permanent one, since that was not the intention.

If of her own free will a woman who has concluded a contract of mut’a should separate from her husband before the end of the time period, whether before or after consummation, the man reduces the dower in proportion mktta the amount of time by which the time period of the mut’a has been reduced-provided, that is, that he has not already paid her the full dower.

Nikah mut’ah – Wikipedia

Archived from the original on 13 September In some works a special term is applied to women who participate in mut’a: De facto temporary marriages were conducted by Sunnis by not specifying how long the marriage would last in the written documents themselves while orally agreeing to set a fixed period.


He poses the question: Dhabihah Alcohol Pork Comparison with kashrut. Or does the problem revolve around whether or not the marriage was consummated? She quotes the Oxford encyclopedia of modern Islamic world to differentiate between marriage nikah and Mut’ah, and states that while nikah is for procreation, mut’ah is just for sexual gratification.

Ibn Abbas and other party amongst the Sahaba narrated traditions that Mut’ah is halaal, and Ibn Hanbal also said that it was practicable [52].

He states that there are two possibilities: When discussing nikah mut’ah, Muttw theologians argued that the historic Sunni scholar Malik ibn Anas supported the practice. View this page in our App. The most authoritative view holds that if the stipulated period is not mentioned in the text of the contract, the marriage cannot take place and the contract is invalid.

Nikah mut’ah

According to al-Shaykh al-Ansari, all of the hadith indicate that it is permissible for the agreed upon time period either to be joined to the moment of concluding the contract or to be postponed. Whether the time period is given back with or without consummation, the wife’s consent is unnecessary, since giving back the period is equivalent to the erasing of a debt owed by the woman. October Learn how and when to remove this template message. But if the man should give only part of the time period back to the woman before consummation, there is a difference of opinion as to the dower.