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He assembled a powerful confederacy that suffered defeat as his elephant turned back from the battle at a crucial moment, turning the tide into Mahmud’s favor once more at Lahore in and bringing Mahmud into control of the Shahi dominions of Udbandpura. Majumdar have questioned the iconoclastic historiography of this incident. Sebuktigin had increased upon Alptigin’s domains by extending his domain to cover the area south of the Hindu Kush in Afghanistan and east to the Indus River in what is today Pakistan; he was eventually recognized by the Caliph in Baghdad as governor of his dominions. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. Piri was expelled from the governorship due to his acts and Sabuktigin became governor in A.

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Mahmud of Ghazni – New World Encyclopedia

Horne and Rossiter Johnson, Wikiquote has quotations related to: He even demanded that the Khwarizmshah court send its men of learning to Ghazni. The nature of his illness is unknown and the exact location of his death is uncertain.

Daughter of Alptigin [2].

The Gahzini Empire was ruled by his successors for years, but after Mahmud it never reached anything like the same splendor and power.

Vladimir Putin, Russian intelligence officer and politician who served as president —, —…. He never treated his Indian subjects harshly, nor did he ever impose the Islamic religion on them, though he was a zealous champion of Islam.


He was the first ruler to hold the title Sultan “authority”signifying the extent of his power while at the same time preserving an ideological link to the suzerainty of the Abbasid Caliphate. Retrieved from ” https: In the s a meter female Buddha was discovered lying on its back and surrounded by empty pillars that once held rows of smaller male Buddhas.

Eaton have commented that his policies were in contrast to his general image in the modern era. A kilometre road would be asphalted by the end of the Sabuktigin was recognized by the Caliph in Baghdad as governor of his dominions. He was captured by the neighbouring Tukhsis in a tribal war and sold at the Samanid slave market at Chach.

However, gjazini army was hopeless in battle against the western forces, particularly against the young Mahmud of Ghazni.

This prompted the Shahi King Jayapala to launch an attack on Ghazna. After the Battle of Peshawarhe committed suicide by self-immolation because his subjects thought he had brought ghzini and disgrace to the Shahi dynasty.

The representations show themes from Mahayana iconography and even in the case of the latter site assume Tantric aspects which had already established themselves in the large Indian monasteries like Nalanda. Mullahs on the mainframe: The Perso-Afghan dialect Dari was made the official language. Mahmud’s grandfather was Alptigin, a Turkic slave-guard of ghxzini Samanids, in Balkh, who crossed the Hindu Kush mountains to seize Ghazni from the declining Samanid Kingdom, located strategically on the ghazinu between Kabul and Kandahar.


Sabuktigin lived as a slave during his youth and later married the daughter of his master Alptiginthe man who seized the region of Ghazna modern Ghazni Province in Afghanistan in a political fallout for the throne of the Samanids of Bukhara. The ruler of Ghazna is described as Padshah and was allied to the Hindushahis of Kabul.

Ismailis ghszini Medieval Muslim societies.

Malik Ayaz

Map of Afghanistan with Ghazni highlighted. The last years of his life he spent in fighting the Central Asian tribes threatening his empire. Sultan Mahmud behaved bravely and victory fell to him, he ghazihi famous as a Ghazi; and he captured Jaipal with fifteen men, who were some his sons and some his relations, and he killed five thousand Hindus and brought back much plunder.

A successor Sebuk Tigin started to expand vigorously his domain, first capturing Kandaharthen began a struggle with the Hindu Shahi kingdom.

I B Taurus and company. Islam was the main religion of his kingdom and Hanafi school thought was favored. Toghan fled to Bostso Sebuktigin marched upon it and captured Kandahar and its surrounding area. Under the reign of Mahmud of Og, the region broke away from the Samanid sphere of influence.

Muhammad of Ghazni

Mahatma Gandhi, Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist…. Districts of Afghanistan by province. Articles containing Persian-language text.