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In this way the symbols sculpted in the cylindrical portion of the Lion Capital represents Buddha rolling the Dhamma Chakra; that is, Preaching the Dhamma. The circular wheel in the middle is a form of Buddhist Dharma Chakra and is known as the Ashok Chakra after the emperor who popularized it. The national emblem serves as a source of inspiration to over 1 billion Indians evoking a sense of pride in their hearts. The Tamil epic Manimekalai mentions worship of a pair of feet. The bull represents hard work and steadfastness, while the horse represents loyalty, speed, and energy.

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He unearthed the Ashoka Pillar of Sarnath in March and the whole pillar was found in three sections. National emblems National symbols of India Indian coats of arms Coats of arms with lions Coats of arms with bulls Coats of arms with horses Coats of arms with the dharmachakra Memorials to Ashok.

A further clue could be the cylindrical portion of the Lion Capital. In the 2D form of the National Emblem, only one Ashok Chakra is visible in the front with the galloping horse on the left and the bull on the right of it.

Autonomous administrative divisions Cities Districts Municipalities States and territories. Art schools all over the country were approached for designs, but none of them were found suitable as most were similar to the emblem of British Raj. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The capital is rather similar to the Sarnath capital, except that it is surmounted by an abacus and a crowning ornament of four lions, set back to back, the whole finely finished and polished to a remarkable luster from top to bottom.


The four lions stand on a short cylindrical base that has four Ashok Chakras corresponding to each lion bust and reliefs of four more animals in between them — the lion, the bull, the elephant and the galloping horse.

The actual Sarnath capital features four Asiatic lions standing back india back, symbolizing power, courage, confidence and pride, mounted on a circular base. Retrieved 2 October At the bottom is a horse and a bull, and at its center is a wheel Dharma chakra. The spokes signify moving forward in life and thus one avoids stagnation of the mind. It features prominently on all currency notes as well as on diplomatic identification documents like the passports issued by the Republic of India.

It acts as the official seal for all national and state government offices and is the compulsory part of any letterhead used by the government. In this way the symbols sculpted in the cylindrical portion of the Lion Capital represents Buddha rolling the Dhamma Chakra; that is, Preaching the Dhamma. East North Northeast South West.

State Emblem of India – Wikipedia

The national Emblem is the symbol of sovereignty for India. He first uncovered the remains of a Gupta shrine wes of the main stupaoverlying an Ashokan structure.

They are mounted on an abacus with a frieze carrying sculptures in high relief of an elephanta galloping horsea bulland a lion, separated by intervening spoked chariot-wheels.

As Theravada Buddhism rejects symbolization of Buddha and Buddhism, the Lion Capital may be claimed as one of the finest sculptures of the main tradition that developed into Mahayana Buddhism several centuries later. The bull is the representative of Prince Siddhartha in his youth while the horse depicts Siddhartha renouncing his royal life in search of Bodhi.


The excavations started in December and ended in April German-born civil engineer Friedrich Oscar Oertel started excavation of the area following the accounts of Chinese travellers during the medieval age.

Rajendra PrasadTyabji and his wife suggested to use the Ashoka Capitalwith four lions on top and the Ashoka Chakra flanked by a bull and horse below.

National Emblem

The third Mauryan Emperor, Ashoka was a great conqueror and he established the first true empire in India. On the wall of the cylinder the bull, the horse, the Lion and the Elephant all in the moving position are being placed in between the Chakras. Oertelwith no real experience in archaeology, was allowed to excavate there in the winter of Emblem of the Constituent Assembly of India.

The lion is the depiction of Siddhartha attaining Bodhi under the Peepal tree and his transformation as Buddha. This design was selected and has remained the emblem of the Indian government ever since.

Emblem of the Mughal Empire. The wheel appears in relief in the centre of the abacus, with a bull on the right and a galloping horse on the left, and outlines of Dharma Chakras on the extreme right and left.

Army Navy Air Force. Emblem of the Mughal Empire during the reign of Aurangzeb.